Semiconductor material

A pure semiconductor material has poor conductivity. But extrinsic semiconductors have much higher conductivity even at room temperature. So, the n-type semiconductors are useful in room temperature as well. Again, this type of semiconductor has free electrons as the majority carriers which allows the semiconductor material to behave like a ...Most semiconductor materials are single crystals. Figure 1.2 exhibits three cubic-crystal unit cells - simple cubic, body-centered cubic, and face-centered cubic. The element semiconductors, silicon and germanium, have a diamond lattice structure as shown in Figure 1.3. This configuration belongs to the cubic- Semiconductor Basics. Semiconductors materials such as silicon (Si), germanium (Ge) and The resulting semiconductor basics material has an excess of current-carrying electrons, each with a...May 18, 2018 · Semiconductor Materials- Types & Properties. Semiconductors are those substances whose electrical conductivity lies in between conductors and insulators. In terms of energy band, the valence band is almost filled and conduction band is almost empty. Further, the energy gap between valence band and conduction band is very small. A semiconductor is called a semiconductor because it is a type of material that has an electrical resistance that is between that of metals and that of insulators, so in a sense or "semiconductor" it conducts electricity. …. Semiconductors are also used for other special properties.Semiconductor Materials. Utilizing the polymer technology cultivated over many years in the petrochemical business, we have developed materials used in semiconductor manufacturing. In response to high-quality and diverse market needs, we offer materials such as photoresists for circuit formation and chemical mechanical planarization (CMP ...Chapter 1 Semiconductor Materials and Devices Dr. Fadi Rafe Zghoul 1/55 Semiconductor Materials and Devices In this chapter, we will: Gain a basic understanding of semiconductor material properties o Two types of charged carriers that exist in a semiconductor o Two mechanisms that generate currents in a semiconductor Determine the properties of a pn junction o Ideal current-voltage ...May 18, 2018 · Semiconductor Materials- Types & Properties. Semiconductors are those substances whose electrical conductivity lies in between conductors and insulators. In terms of energy band, the valence band is almost filled and conduction band is almost empty. Further, the energy gap between valence band and conduction band is very small. Zhonghuan Advanced Semiconductor Materials Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Zhonghuan Advanced), founded on Dec. 14, 2017, is located in Yixing Economic and Technological Development Zone, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, with a registered capital of RMB 5 billion and its holders including: Tianjin Zhonghuan Semiconductor Co., Ltd., Wuxi Industry Development Group Co., Ltd., Zhejiang ...Raw materials must be cleaned extensively and grown into a single crystal with as few defects as possible. The pure semiconductor is an electrical insulator. Through a process called "implantation" the material is made impure again, but in a controlled manner. These exogenous atoms impart electrical conductivity to the whole crystal. thatched roof homes for sale Formation of p type semiconductor material. In a pure semiconductor crystal, each atom produces four covalent bonds with four neighbor atoms in the crystal. Now, to produce a p-type semiconductor, trivalent impure atoms like Boron (B), Aluminum (Al), etc. are needed to be doped in the pure semiconductor crystal.The semiconductor material is a kind of electronic materials with semiconductor properties and can be used to make semiconductor devices and integrated circuits. Various external factors such as light, heat, magnetism, and electricity will act on semiconductors and arouse some physical effects and phenomena, which can be referred to as the ...8.4.2 Diodes. The diode is a two-layer, two-terminal semiconductor device. When n-type and p-type semiconductor material are joined together, this forms a PN junction, which is referred to as a diode. The semiconductor diode operates to allow current to flow through it in one direction but not the other. Semiconductor materials come from different groups in the periodic table, yet share certain similarities. The properties of the semiconductor material are related to their atomic characteristics...How Semiconductors Work. All electronics start with semiconductor devices. Modern technology is made possible because of a class of materials called semiconductors.Production and development of compound semiconductor wafers and epitaxial wafers. We are the world's leading company of compound semiconductors covering Gallium Arsenide (GaAs) ,Indium Phosphide (InP) and Gallium Nitride (GaN) wafers for various applications such as industrial machinery and communication devices as laser elements ...MIT researchers have devised a way to grow a single crystalline compound semiconductor on its substrate through two-dimensional materials—in other words, to fabricate semiconductors out of materials other than silicon. The compound semiconductor thin film is then exfoliated by a flexible substrate, showing the rainbow color that comes from ...Semiconductor Materials is a relatively compact book containing vast information on semiconductor material properties. Readers can compare results of the property measurements that have been reported by different authors and critically compare the data using the reference information contained in the book. Semiconductor (redirected from Semiconductor material) Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia . Semiconductor Any substance that conducts electricity more slowly than a conductor. Semiconductors are common in products like computer chips and, as such, may be traded as commodities. Silicon and germanium are both semiconductors.We start by describing semiconductor heterostructures for spin qubits in gate-defined quantum dots and benchmark GaAs, Si, and Ge, the three platforms that demonstrated two-qubit logic. We then examine novel topologically nontrivial materials and structures that might be incorporated into superconducting devices to create topological qubits.A pure semiconductor material has poor conductivity. But extrinsic semiconductors have much higher conductivity even at room temperature. So, the n-type semiconductors are useful in room temperature as well. Again, this type of semiconductor has free electrons as the majority carriers which allows the semiconductor material to behave like a ...The semiconductor material is a kind of electronic materials with semiconductor properties and can be used to make semiconductor devices and integrated circuits. Various external factors such as light, heat, magnetism, and electricity will act on semiconductors and arouse some physical effects and phenomena, which can be referred to as the ...15 Examples of Semiconductor materials. C onductivity refers to the ability of a material or substance to let freely pass the electric current. The conductivity of a material depends on its atomic and molecular structure. A material is conductive when, when coming into contact with a body charged with electricity, electricity is transmitted to ...Semiconductor Materials is a relatively compact book containing vast information on semiconductor material properties. Readers can compare results of the property measurements that have been reported by different authors and critically compare the data using the reference information contained in the book. This Third Edition updates a landmark text with the latest findings. The Third Edition of the internationally lauded Semiconductor Material and Device Characterization brings the text fully up-to-date with the latest developments in the field and includes new pedagogical tools to assist readers. Not only does the Third Edition set forth all the latest measurement techniques, but it also ...The properties of Semi-Conductors are: 1. Behaves like an insulator at 0 Kalvin and as temperature increases, it behaves like a conductor. 2. Less weight and small in size.Photovoltaic Technology Basics. Solar Photovoltaic Cell Basics. When light shines on a photovoltaic (PV) cell - also called a solar cell - that light may be reflected, absorbed, or pass right through the cell. The PV cell is composed of semiconductor material; the "semi" means that it can conduct electricity better than an insulator but ...Raw Materials at Risk Dr. Satya Gupta, President VLSI Society of India, Advisor, IESA, said, "[The] Semiconductor Supply chain is a complex Eco-System involving companies from different countries and continents for raw material, equipment, wafer manufacturing, packaging, fabless companies, distributors and finally electronics products as ... pawn wow stat weights Semiconductor Materials. For IC wafer fabrication and packaging, PhiChem provides turnkey solutions of lithography, plating, etching, bonding and cleaning solutions. Representative products include solder-paste, conformal coatings, liquid photoresists, photoresist developing, stripping and cleaning solutions, and etching & plating resist inks. Semiconductor Materials Market - Global Industry Analysis and Forecast (2022-2027) Semiconductor Materials Market was valued at US$ 42.33 Bn. in 2021 and it is expected to reach US$ 58.43 Bn. by 2027 at a CAGR of 5.52% during the forecast period. To know about the Research Methodology :- Request Free Sample Report.Semiconductor Materials is a relatively compact book containing vast information on semiconductor material properties. Readers can compare results of the property measurements that have been reported by different authors and critically compare the data using the reference information contained in the book.Quarterly report covering worldwide semiconductor materials, markets and trends. The SEMI Materials Market Data Subscription includes current revenue data along with two-year forecast and historical data from 2010 to the current year. The report contains 10 segments for wafer fab related materials and 7 segments for packaging related materials ...Aug 30, 2022 · The global semiconductor materials market size was valued at USD 57.02 billion in 2021. It is expected to reach USD 70.9 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 4.3% during the forecast period (2022–2030). The creation of semiconductor materials is one of the most significant technological developments in the electronics industry. Semiconductor materials represent one of the essential innovations in the electronics industry. This can be accredited to their high electron mobility, wide temperature limits and low energy consumption. By employing material such as silicon (Si), germanium (Ge) and gallium arsenide (GaAs), electronics manufacturers have been able to replace ...Semiconductor materials are widely used in all electronic items, and they possess wide bandgaps. Nanoparticle-based semiconductors have increased the modern computers processing power and decreased its size considerably. These nanoparticles may contain both metals and metalloids and are also widely used in solar cells. Semiconductor Wafer Processing. The demands of today's most advanced electronic devices drive the need to process new and challenging substrate materials. The subsurface damage-free surface requires consideration of the entire process and requires that each step is paired to the particular needs of the material. Engis can provide complete ... used service trucks for sale near richlands nc Semiconductor Materials Market Research Report is spread across 108 Pages and provides exclusive data, information, vital statistics, trends, and competitive landscape details in this niche sector.Commonly used semiconductor materials. Traditionally, manufacturers have used one of three common semiconductor materials: germanium, silicon, and gallium arsenide. Go in depth on semiconductor materials. Discovered in 1886, germanium was the "original" semiconductor. However, germanium fell from grace after manufacturers realized silicon ...Semiconductors • Semiconductors are materials that essentially can be conditioned to act as good conductors, or good insulators, or any thing in between. • Common elements such as carbon, silicon, and germanium are semiconductors. • Silicon is the best and most widely used semiconductor. 9.Semiconductor Materials Market - Global Industry Analysis and Forecast (2022-2027) Semiconductor Materials Market was valued at US$ 42.33 Bn. in 2021 and it is expected to reach US$ 58.43 Bn. by 2027 at a CAGR of 5.52% during the forecast period. To know about the Research Methodology :- Request Free Sample Report.The semiconductor material is a kind of electronic materials with semiconductor properties and can be used to make semiconductor devices and integrated circuits. Various external factors such as light, heat, magnetism, and electricity will act on semiconductors and arouse some physical effects and phenomena, which can be referred to as the ...May 24, 2020 · Semiconductor Doping. We can control the quantity of charge carriers in a semiconductor by injecting other materials into the lattice structure. More specifically, we inject materials that have a different number of valence electrons. Let’s say that our semiconductor is silicon (Si), which is a group IV element and thus has four valence ... According to Precedence Research, the global semiconductor materials market size is projected to hit around at USD 87.4 billion by 2030 and poised to grow at a registered CAGR of 4.6% from 2022 to ...This is a website of JSRCorporation.Introduction of Semiconductor Materials. JSR Corporation was established for Synthetic RubberProduction. Since then, JSR has continued to strive to expand itsbusiness and reinforce stabilization of its management, resulting inleading positions in the areas of petrochemical materials, such assynthetic rubbers and emulsions. May 18, 2018 · Semiconductor Materials- Types & Properties. Semiconductors are those substances whose electrical conductivity lies in between conductors and insulators. In terms of energy band, the valence band is almost filled and conduction band is almost empty. Further, the energy gap between valence band and conduction band is very small. May 18, 2018 · Semiconductor Materials- Types & Properties. Semiconductors are those substances whose electrical conductivity lies in between conductors and insulators. In terms of energy band, the valence band is almost filled and conduction band is almost empty. Further, the energy gap between valence band and conduction band is very small. mccormick root beer concentrate Silicon is the most commonly used material in the devices and also it is the most critical element to fabricate the electronic circuits. Gallium arsenide is the most common semiconductor after Silicon and is used in laser diodes, solar cells, microwave-frequency integrated circuits and others. By addition of a small amount (of the order of 1 in ... Overview. Semiconductors are made up of atoms bonded together to form a uniform structure. Each silicon atom has four valence electrons which are shared, forming covalent bonds with the four surrounding Si atoms. Understanding how these atoms are arranged is vital in understanding the material properties of different semiconductors, and how ...Semiconductor Materials is a relatively compact book containing vast information on semiconductor material properties. Readers can compare results of the property measurements that have been reported by different authors and critically compare the data using the reference information contained in the book. Semiconductor Materials. For IC wafer fabrication and packaging, PhiChem provides turnkey solutions of lithography, plating, etching, bonding and cleaning solutions. Representative products include solder-paste, conformal coatings, liquid photoresists, photoresist developing, stripping and cleaning solutions, and etching & plating resist inks. The third generation of semiconductor materials is those materials with a wide bandgap, represented by silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN), zinc oxide (ZnO), diamond, and aluminum nitride (AlN). The third generation of semiconductor materials has a wide bandgap, high breakdown electric field, high thermal conductivity, high electron ...May 18, 2018 · Semiconductor Materials- Types & Properties. Semiconductors are those substances whose electrical conductivity lies in between conductors and insulators. In terms of energy band, the valence band is almost filled and conduction band is almost empty. Further, the energy gap between valence band and conduction band is very small. Evergreen Semiconductor Materials, was established in 1995 to provide a reliable source for packages and lids for IC assembly. As the company grew, it became aware that our customers also required corresponding sockets for these packages. So, to help our customers select the correct sockets for their application and the ability to purchase all products from one source, we added sockets and ...Semiconductor Materials Group IV Semiconductors. The group IV elements carbon, silicon, and germanium are all semiconductors in their pure form. The most widely used semiconductor material is crystalline silicon, notable for its useful functional temperature range as well as its abundance and consequent low raw-material cost, and found as the substrate for most integrated circuits as well as ...Innovative techniques. To adequately characterize and understand semiconductor materials or devices, you must first ensure each specimen is of the highest quality to resolve the material interface and properly controlled so you manipulate it, when necessary, under environmental stimuli. Once prepared, several techniques are available to better ...The global semiconductor materials market size was valued at USD 57.02 billion in 2021.It is expected to reach USD 70.9 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 4.3% during the forecast period (2022-2030). The creation of semiconductor materials is one of the most significant technological developments in the electronics industry. triple optionhardest football hooliganMay 24, 2020 · Semiconductor Doping. We can control the quantity of charge carriers in a semiconductor by injecting other materials into the lattice structure. More specifically, we inject materials that have a different number of valence electrons. Let’s say that our semiconductor is silicon (Si), which is a group IV element and thus has four valence ... Semiconductor materials come from different groups in the periodic table, yet share certain similarities. The properties of the semiconductor material are related to their atomic characteristics...Most semiconductor materials are single crystals. Figure 1.2 exhibits three cubic-crystal unit cells - simple cubic, body-centered cubic, and face-centered cubic. The element semiconductors, silicon and germanium, have a diamond lattice structure as shown in Figure 1.3. This configuration belongs to the cubic-Formation of p type semiconductor material. In a pure semiconductor crystal, each atom produces four covalent bonds with four neighbor atoms in the crystal. Now, to produce a p-type semiconductor, trivalent impure atoms like Boron (B), Aluminum (Al), etc. are needed to be doped in the pure semiconductor crystal.According to Precedence Research, the global semiconductor materials market size is projected to hit around at USD 87.4 billion by 2030 and poised to grow at a registered CAGR of 4.6% from 2022 to ...Jul 13, 2022. Fujifilm Announces $350 Million Investment in its U.S. Electronic Materials Business by Early 2024. Mar 30, 2022. Fujifilm Completes $88 Million Expansion of its Facility in Mesa, Arizona to Supply the Semiconductor Industry. Home. Semiconductor materials come from different groups in the periodic table, yet share certain similarities. The properties of the semiconductor material are related to their atomic characteristics...Dive Brief: Applied Materials, a supplier of equipment used in semiconductor manufacturing, expects demand for parts will outstrip supply for the next several quarters despite declining sales of smartphones and other consumer devices, according to a Q3 earnings call.; The parts maker continues to work through a growing backlog of orders from consumers in the automotive and industrial sectors ...Semiconductors • Semiconductors are materials that essentially can be conditioned to act as good conductors, or good insulators, or any thing in between. • Common elements such as carbon, silicon, and germanium are semiconductors. • Silicon is the best and most widely used semiconductor. 9.8.4.2 Diodes. The diode is a two-layer, two-terminal semiconductor device. When n-type and p-type semiconductor material are joined together, this forms a PN junction, which is referred to as a diode. The semiconductor diode operates to allow current to flow through it in one direction but not the other. List of semiconductor materials Semiconductor materials are insulators at absolute zero temperature that conduct electricity in a limited way at room.See full list on utmel.com dog sitting jobs near me for 15 year olds Formation of p type semiconductor material. In a pure semiconductor crystal, each atom produces four covalent bonds with four neighbor atoms in the crystal. Now, to produce a p-type semiconductor, trivalent impure atoms like Boron (B), Aluminum (Al), etc. are needed to be doped in the pure semiconductor crystal.Semiconductor packaging materials are a class of electronic solutions used to form the connection of the IC chip to the package substrate, another package or directly to the printed circuit board. These materials are critical to semiconductor wafer-level packaging processes, heterogeneous integration, and 3D integration technologies. ...To confirm that the developed semiconductor material is indeed photofunctional, the scientists tested the applicability of the semiconductor material in a photoelectrode. They observed that the ...The global semiconductor material for harsh environment market is expected to grow with a CAGR of 7% to 9% from 2022 to 2027. T. Dublin, July 08, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The "Semiconductor ...Semiconductor: is a material whose properties stand between conductor and insulator i.e. silicon A semiconductor material is defined by its ability to conduct electricity and its conductivity properties...Hence, the name semiconductor. A semiconductor is also a material whose electrical conductivity Semiconductor materials include the elements silicon and germanium, and the compounds gallium... townhomes for rent temecula Semiconductor Materials Market - Global Industry Analysis and Forecast (2022-2027) Semiconductor Materials Market was valued at US$ 42.33 Bn. in 2021 and it is expected to reach US$ 58.43 Bn. by 2027 at a CAGR of 5.52% during the forecast period. To know about the Research Methodology :- Request Free Sample Report.A semiconductor is called a semiconductor because it is a type of material that has an electrical resistance that is between that of metals and that of insulators, so in a sense or "semiconductor" it conducts electricity. …. Semiconductors are also used for other special properties.Semiconductor materials synonyms, Semiconductor materials pronunciation, Semiconductor materials translation, English dictionary definition of Semiconductor materials. ) n. 1.May 23, 2022 · The material, which has both conductivity and energy bandgap as moderate when compared to conductors & insulators, is known as a semiconductor material. There are two types of semiconductors. Those are intrinsic semiconductors and extrinsic semiconductors. These are classified based on the level of purity. The third generation of semiconductor materials are those materials with a wide bandgap (Eg≥2.3eV), represented by silicon carbide (SiC), gallium nitride (GaN), zinc oxide (ZnO), diamond, and aluminum nitride (AlN). In terms of applications, the main applications of the third generation of semiconductor materials are semiconductor lighting ...Abstract. Moiré materials have emerged as a platform for exploring the physics of strong electronic correlations and non-trivial band topology. Here we review the recent progress in semiconductor ...Semiconductor Materials Sales jobs Sort by: relevance - date Page 1 of 1,392 jobs Senior Sales Operations Specialist Nexperia Germany GmbH Durham, NC Estimated $83K - $105K a year Full-time Support sales regions to meet monthly / quarterly / annual sales goals established by Management. Generate actionable analysis to improve sales in designated…Semiconductor Materials is a relatively compact book containing vast information on semiconductor material properties. Readers can compare results of the property measurements that have been reported by different authors and critically compare the data using the reference information contained in the book. To confirm that the developed semiconductor material is indeed photofunctional, the scientists tested the applicability of the semiconductor material in a photoelectrode. They observed that the ...Semiconductor: A materials product - usually comprised of silicon - which conducts electricity more than an insulator but less than a pure conductor, such as copper and aluminum. Semiconductors ...A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor, such as metallic copper, and an insulator, such as glass.Zhonghuan Advanced Semiconductor Materials Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as Zhonghuan Advanced), founded on Dec. 14, 2017, is located in Yixing Economic and Technological Development Zone, Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, with a registered capital of RMB 5 billion and its holders including: Tianjin Zhonghuan Semiconductor Co., Ltd., Wuxi Industry Development Group Co., Ltd., Zhejiang ...May 24, 2020 · Semiconductor Doping. We can control the quantity of charge carriers in a semiconductor by injecting other materials into the lattice structure. More specifically, we inject materials that have a different number of valence electrons. Let’s say that our semiconductor is silicon (Si), which is a group IV element and thus has four valence ... The fourth-generation semiconductor materials are mainly ultra-wide band gap (UWBG) semiconductor materials, represented by diamond (C), gallium oxide (Ga2O3) semiconductor, and aluminum nitride (AlN), with a band gap exceeding 4eV, and ultra-narrow band gap (UNBG) semiconductor materials. Antimonide (GaSb, InSb) is the representative ultra ...Semiconductor materials. The vacuum tubes were widely used for various purposes in electronics, mostly voltage and power amplification, before the invention of solid state semiconductor devices in the 1940's. Since then semiconductor devices have gradually replaced vacuum tubes in most of such applications, due to many of their favorable properties such as small size, light weight, low energy ... picture art editorWhat is a Semiconductor? Semiconductors are the Brains of Modern Electronics Semiconductors are an essential component of electronic devices, enabling advances in communications, computing, healthcare, military systems, transportation, clean energy, and countless other applications. View Industry Fact Sheet > Stages of Semiconductor ProductionMay 23, 2022 · The material, which has both conductivity and energy bandgap as moderate when compared to conductors & insulators, is known as a semiconductor material. There are two types of semiconductors. Those are intrinsic semiconductors and extrinsic semiconductors. These are classified based on the level of purity. Specifically designed and manufactured to maximise wafer yields in all types of semiconductor materials. Semiconductor Materials, Inc (SMI), patented multi-layered diamond I.D. slicing blades are specifically designed and manufactured to maximize wafer yields in all. Learn More. A pure semiconductor material has poor conductivity. But extrinsic semiconductors have much higher conductivity even at room temperature. So, the n-type semiconductors are useful in room temperature as well. Again, this type of semiconductor has free electrons as the majority carriers which allows the semiconductor material to behave like a ...semiconductor, any of a class of crystalline solids intermediate in electrical conductivity between a Semiconductors are employed in the manufacture of various kinds of electronic devices, including...Jan 05, 2020 · Updated on January 05, 2020. A semiconductor is a material that has certain unique properties in the way it reacts to electrical current. It is a material that has much lower resistance to the flow of electrical current in one direction than in another. The electrical conductivity of a semiconductor is between that of a good conductor (like ... can you marry your sister in alabamaA manufacturer of advanced electronics and semiconductor components will establish a new factory in Arizona. EMD Electronics will invest $28 million in a facility in Chandler, Arizona, that will produce equipment for its delivery systems and services division. EMD said the project would particularly bolster its gas and chemical delivery systems ...MIT engineers report creating the first high-quality thin films of a new family of semiconductor materials. The feat, which lead researcher Rafael Jaramillo refers to as his "white whale" because of his obsession in pursuing it over the years, has the potential to impact multiple fields of technology if history repeats itself. The ability to create high-quality films of other families of ...Semiconductor materials contain not only elements, but also chemical compounds. Semiconductors can be organic and non-organic, crystalline and amorphous, solids and liquids. Despite the fact that they are different forms of substance, they all change their properties dramatically in an electromagnetic field. Silicon and germanium are the most ...Aug 30, 2022 · The global semiconductor materials market size was valued at USD 57.02 billion in 2021. It is expected to reach USD 70.9 billion by 2030, growing at a CAGR of 4.3% during the forecast period (2022–2030). The creation of semiconductor materials is one of the most significant technological developments in the electronics industry. BERLIN, July 07, 2022 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- The Global Semiconductor Materials Market size was valued at USD 55,824 Million in 2021 and is expected to reach USD 82,421 Million by 2030 growing at a ...Evergreen Semiconductor Materials, was established in 1995 to provide a reliable source for packages and lids for IC assembly. As the company grew, it became aware that our customers also required corresponding sockets for these packages. So, to help our customers select the correct sockets for their application and the ability to purchase all products from one source, we added sockets and ...Semiconductor Materials. For IC wafer fabrication and packaging, PhiChem provides turnkey solutions of lithography, plating, etching, bonding and cleaning solutions. Representative products include solder-paste, conformal coatings, liquid photoresists, photoresist developing, stripping and cleaning solutions, and etching & plating resist inks. Rare Earth and Transition Metal Doping of Semiconductor Material explores traditional semiconductor devices that are based on control of the electron's electric charge. This book looks at the semiconductor materials used for spintronics applications, in particular focusing on wide band-gap semiconductors doped with transition metals and rare ... menards 42 inch vanity xa